These days among the cancer mesothelioma, pleural mesothelioma is found to be the most lethal. It affects the lining surrounding and lubricating the lungs, which is mesothelium. Without lubrication expansion and contraction of lungs get affecting, resulting in to the abnormal exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. But unluckily, this vital part of our body mostly caught to mesothelioma when we came in the asbestos environment and inhale asbestos. Asbestos is used as heat-resistant and flame-retardant in myriad manufacturing.
Asbestos fibers are small, jagged particles, not visible to the naked eyes, so the workers inhale these fibers or these attach to the hair and clothes of the workers, and as a consequence the workers and families of these workers caught to mesothelioma. On inhalation these jagged asbestos remains cut in to the inner layers of lungs and reach pleura mesothelium. After cutting mesothelium these remains cause irritation and develop cancerous tumors. Pleural mesothelioma is not easy to diagnose at early stage as it take a long time to develop.
Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma at early stages are- chest pain, pleural effusion, coughing, blood clots, shortness of breath, wheezing and hoarseness. But these symptoms are similar to that of flu or pneumonia, which are less fatal. But pleural mesothelioma is not easy to diagnose at early stage as it take a long time to develop. When it is detected it is so deep rooted that it is too late for the treatment. The cancer cells from the lungs can easily circulate throughout the bloodstream and spread cancer to other organs, which will produce the most difficult situation. Hence, pleural mesothelioma is 100% mortal. Treatments such as photodynamic, gene, angiogenesis and immunotherapy treatments, however give some hope of life to the people suffering from mesothelioma.