Friday, April 6, 2007

Facts about prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is most common cancer in American men apart from skin cancer. This type of cancer directly affects the prostate gland, which is located in front of rectum and beneath the urinary bladder. This gland produce the sperm transporting milky fluid called seminal fluid.

Cancer symptoms like inability to urinate can imitate with other diseases, so one has to undergo a check-up. One may not experience the symptoms of prostate cancer if caught earliest. There are a number of symptoms of prostate cancer and if you experience one or more symptoms it does not mean that you have prostate cancer.

A prostate biopsy usually confirms the diagnosis or your doctor advises you to undergo one or more tests like PSA test. Now a day a new test, which is more sensitive than PSA test, is available named AMACR, used for determining prostate cancer. Urinalysis shows whether there is blood in urine or not.

Treatment wise speaking prostate cancer patient can undergo surgery but only after thorough evaluation. Patient can undergo prostatectomy, which removes the complete prostate gland. Surgical removal of testes can be done after hormonal drugs and hormonal manipulation. Levels of testosterone should be adjusted.

Main complication after prostatectomy is weakness. Another option available is radiation therapy, which is used to treat A, B and C stages of prostate cancer. Surgery is a risky option for some patients, so the straight option them is radiation therapy. Some drugs with numerous side effects are being used to treat advanced prostate cancer, blocking the production of testosterone; it has the same result as surgical removal of the testes.

Prostate cancer mainly affects the old age men, most of whom will be facing many other physical complications. So person having prostate cancer need not to fear from death because a number of treatments are available to cure it and we have to make a firm decision to face this problem.

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